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Tuesday, December 11, 2018
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Gap widening
Human settlements are classified as rural or urban depending on the density of human-created structures and resident people in a particular area. Urban areas can include town and cities while rural areas include villages and hamlets. While rural areas may develop randomly on the basis of natural vegetation and fauna available in a region, urban settlements are proper, planned settlements built up according to a process called urbanization. Many times, rural areas are focused upon by governments and development agencies and turned into urban areas. Unlike rural areas, urban settlements are defined by their advanced civic amenities, opportunities for education, facilities for transport, business and social interaction and overall better standard of living.
Socio-cultural statistics are usually based on an urban population. While inflation has been slowing both in rural and urban areas of the country, there is a widening difference between the two as rural inflation is decelerating at a much slower pace. The resultant gap between rural and urban inflation has more than doubled over the years. The difference between rural and urban inflation is most stark for fuel and transportation, followed by core and to a lesser extent food. On the other hand, fuel products more widely used in urban India, such as LPG, petrol and diesel, have benefited from lower global prices.
"Rural India has some structural disadvantages vis-a-vis urban India like structural bottlenecks are harsher, transport networks sparser and distribution channels insufficient. And this relative disadvantage is showing up more so now, as urban India is benefitting from lower global prices while rural India, partly because of its structural ailments, is not being able to partake with equal vigor. Higher investment in rural infrastructure and meaningful agricultural reforms are needed to make growth weather proof and put it on a higher, more sustainable path to enable them to meet inflation target sustainably.
While rural settlements are based more on natural resources and events, the urban population receives the benefits of man's advancements in the areas of science and technology and is not nature-dependent for its day to day functions. Businesses stay open late into the evenings in urban areas while, sunset in rural areas means the day is virtually over.
This gap between the rich and the poor, the urban and the rural, has led to a massive immigration from rural areas to cities. It is not uncommon for men to leave their households to find work in the cities, while their wives tend crops and take care of the children. This puts and extreme amount of pressure on families who are divided by economic forces. Not only are income levels much lower in the rural areas, but these areas often have inferior technology. "Agricultural science and technology have advanced to fairly high levels in India, with some projects ranking among the best in the world and others at the cutting edge of global agro technology but only 30% of the fruits of agricultural research are translated into practical use, compared with 70-80% in developed countries.
The main reasons for the slow take up rate are insufficient funds and staffing to disseminate improvements and the poor quality of the workforce. Urban areas are also classified according to land use and density of population. But this can vary from developed countries to developing countries. ... More
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